How to Archive files in Linux using Terminal

Using Terminal to Archive files in Linux

 

Linux Archiving
Archiving in Linux

 

 

Note that:

>> Linux-based Operating Systems are case-sensitive
>> ‘package‘ represents ‘file name
>> ‘*’ represents ‘extension

 

This article shows in details how easy it is to archive files, in Kali Linux, Ubuntu, Linux Mint and other Linux-based systems:

1. TAR files

To archive or compress files to “package.tar“, run the command:

 tar -cf package.tar file/directory

To show the files as the are being archived/compressed:

 tar -cvf package.tar file/directory

Practical Example

 root@kali:/home# tar -cvf firefox.tar ./tar/firefox

 

 

2. GZIP files

To archive or compress files to package.tar.gz, use the following commands:

tar -czf package.tar.gz

To show the files as the are being archived/compressed:

tar -czvf package.tar.gz

Practical Example

 root@kali:/home# tar -czvf firefox.tar.gz ./tar/firefox

 

 

3. BZIP2 files

To archive or compress files to package.tar.bz2, use the following commands;

tar -cjf package.tar.bz2

To show the files as the are being archived/compressed:

tar -cjvf package.tar.bz2

Practical Example

 root@kali:/home# tar -cjvf firefox.tar.bz2 ./tar/firefox

 

-c | for creating archives
-v
| for verbosely listing files as they are processed
-f
 | for specifying the file to be archived

-z | for creating gzip archives
-j | for creating bzip files

 

 

Achiving Multiple files / directories in the same archive

You can combine more than one file and/or directory in an archive. Just add a space character after the file or directory location.

You can archive as many files and/or directories as you wish in the same archive.

Practical Example

Archiving Tor Browser and Firefox Browser in the archive “torbundle.tar.gz

 root@kali:/home# tar -czvf torbundle.tar.gz ./tar/tor-browser_en-US ./tar/firefox

 

 

If you are not the biggest fan of commands, again like stated on the Linux Archive Extraction article, you are also sorted. Just use the inbuilt Archive Manager in your Linux OS. Note that the Archive Manager may be limited (not very resourceful) when it comes to archiving unlike unarchiving.

You should be careful with Commands. They are very easy, fast and fun to use but they can also cause great damage fast!
Follow thetqweb’s Hacq Linux Series to ENJOY USING LINUX!

 

 

 

 

How to Archive files using Terminal in Linux
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